deals with as yet unfilled prophecies and accounts of
I. PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY
A. Gives insight into the character of God
1. His attributes seen:
a. Sovereignty -- Daniel 4:17; Revelation
In the end of Revelation we see God
reigning over all things made now.
b. Justice -- II Peter 2:1-3; Romans
c. Wisdom -- Ephesians 3:10,11; Romans
d. Grace -- Ephesians 2:7
2. His Son appreciated
a. Center of God's program -- Ephesians
b. Revelation 1:1-3 is a revelation of
B. Practical -- gives impetus to develop character
in the Christian
-- There is no teaching of the Word of God about
the future that is not related in practical fashion
to our present life:
Paul -- Titus 2:11-14
Peter -- II Peter 3 (especially verse 14)
John -- I John 2:28; 3:1-8
II. MAJOR SCHOOLS OF INTERPRETATION -- our
understanding of eschatology will largely depend upon our
view of the millennium.
A. Various views of the millennium defined
a. "Through the preaching of the
Gospel in all the world, the kingdom of
Christ is steadily to enlarge its boundaries,
until Jews and Gentiles alike become
possessed of its blessings, and a millennial
period is introduced in which Christianity
generally prevails throughout the earth"
(A.H. Strong, Systematic Theology,
p1008). This view holds that Christ will
return after (post) the millennium.
b. "Postmillennialism conceives of
the unfilled Abrahamic promises as being
fulfilled by the church and, of course, not
in any literal sense. It's method of
interpretation is generally to spiritualize
prophecy." -- Ryrie
c. Sees no distinction between the church
and Israel. The church is spiritual Israel.
a. "No millennium at all in the
future. Whatever kingdom there is, is now -
it is Heaven's rule over the church.
Conditions in this present age will become
increasingly worse until the second coming of
Christ at the end of this church age, and the
return of the Lord will be immediately
followed by a general resurrection and
judgment and the commencement of the eternal
state." -- Ryrie
b. A slightly different understanding of
amillennialism is that, "The Bible
predicts a continuous parallel growth of good
and evil in the world between the first
coming of Christ and the second coming of
Christ. The kingdom of God is now present in
the world through His word, His Spirit, His
Church" -- H. Wayne House; Charts of
Christian Theology and Doctrine.
c. Sees no distinction between the church
and Israel. The church is spiritual Israel.
3. Premillennialism (Dispensationalism)
a. "Hold that the second coming of
Christ will occur before (pre-) the
millennium and that Christ, not the church
(as in post) will be the one to establish the
kingdom. Christ will actually reign over the
earth as King, and during the millennium the
Jewish people will experience the fulfillment
of the promises made to Abraham and David.
According to premillennialism the present
church age will see increasing apostasy which
will climax in the time of tribulation before
the second coming of Christ. When He returns
He will set up His kingdom for 1,000 years
after which will occur the resurrection and
judgment of the unsaved and the ushering in
of eternity." --Ryrie
b. The premillennial scheme is a result of
interpreting the promises and prophecies of
Scripture in a plain, normal or literal way.
This is the strength of premillennialism.
c. Premillennialism takes several forms
due to disagreement over the timing of the
Rapture. (See section IV "Rapture of The
Church" for details.)
d. There is also a nondispensational form
of premillennialism. This view is similar to
dispensational premillennialism in many ways,
but differs in the following:
1) The rapture and second coming are
2) The millennium is both present and
future. "The kingdom is now,
but not yet."
Christ is reigning over His Kingdom from
Heaven now, but will reign over His
kingdom on the earth in the future.
3) Sees some distinction between
Israel and the church, but also sees the
church as spiritual Israel.
B. Views discussed
a. Description -- second coming is after
the millennium. A reaction against the
amillennialism of post-Reformation era.
b. Types --
1) Conservative -- millennium
introduced by preaching the Gospel
Warfield & Boetiner (Reformed)
Hodge held to literal restoration of
Israel just before the second coming.
2) Liberal -- millennium is golden age
introduced by the advancing culture and
the achievements of mankind - part of
3) Christian Reconstructionists
combine the conservative and liberal
In America -- Daniel Whitby (1638-1726),
was the first systematizer, Unitarian,
d. Present status -- has largely passed
from popularity due to World War I and II.
However, it has recently been revived through
the efforts of the Reconstruction Movement.
"Social Gospel" -- Practical
postmillennialists: Jerry Falwell, Pat
Robertson, Tim LaHaw, Larry Burkett, James
Dobson, The Christian Coalition, Promise
Keepers, Evangelicals and Catholics Together.
e. Arguments Against:
1) Uses an allegorical approach to
many prophetic passages especially Rev.
2) Ignores Scripture that teaches
spiritual decline and apostasy in the end
times (Matt. 24:3-14; I Tim. 4:1-5; II
3) The New Testament does not teach
that the Gospel is designed to improve
the world's social conditions.
a. Description: No literal kingdom on
earth. The return of Christ introduces the
eternal state. The kingdom of God, in it
spiritual form, is now present in the world.
1) Augustinian (4-5th century) --
first accepted advocate of
amillennialism: The Church is the
kingdom; no future kingdom for Israel;
church age is the millennium; no future
Roman Catholic church
Conservatives - Louis Berkhof, William
Hendriksen, J. R. W. Stott
2) Kingdom is found in the church in
The kingdom is God's reign over the
saints which are in heaven, thus it is a
c. Arguments Against:
1) The Abrahamic Covenant, being
unconditional must be literally fulfilled
2) Must allegorize many prophecies and
promises to Israel.
3) Must reinterpret the clear
teachings of passages such as Romans 11
and Revelation 20.
4) Ignore the distinctions between the
church and Israel found in the New
Testament (Acts 3:12; 4:8- 10; 21:28;
Rom. 9:3-4; 10:1; and 11; Eph. 2:12).
a. Description: Second coming precedes
millennium. Christ comes to set up the
kingdom for Israel which rules over the
1) Early church -- admittedly
2) Middle ages -- largely under the
influence of Roman Catholic Church and
was therefore largely amillennial. Yet,
some such as Wycliffe and Huss held to
3) Reformation period -- was not
concerned with eschatology but with
soteriology. However, their return to a
literal interpretation of Scripture set
4) Modern day representatives
c. Support For:
1) A literal reading of prophecy will
lead to this view. All other views must
spiritualize portions of Scripture.
2) A kingdom on earth is necessary in
order to fulfill God's promises to
3) "The Old Testament describes
the kingdom as a literal on-earth reign
of Messiah over the whole world." --
Note: The basic reason for
misunderstanding eschatology is that many
who interpret the rest of the Bible
literally turn to allegorizing when they
come to the doctrine of last things. The
premillennial view is the only view
supported by a consistent system of
literal interpretation; and therefore, is
the only system in accord with a true
biblical system of hermeneutics, i.e.,
the literal - cultural - critical method.
III. COVENANTS AND DISPENSATIONS
A. Covenants -- (see Bibliology)
B. Dispensations -- (see Bibliology)
IV. RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH (I Thess. 4:13-18)
A. Definition -- that event at which Christ
returns to catch up His true church in the air so
that they may always be with Him.
The word "rapture" comes from the Latin
word used in I Thessalonians 4:17 which is translated
in English as "caught up."
B. Description of the rapture
1. Christ returns in the air, personally,
I Thessalonians 4:17.
2. The dead in Christ are raised -- verse 16.
3. The living are transformed -- verse 17 and
I Corinthians 15:51 and Philippians 3:20.
4. Reunions -- the two groups are caught up
together to be with the Lord forever -- I
Thessalonians 4:17 and John 14:1-3.
5. Accomplished "in a moment" -- I
6. Called a mystery -- not revealed as part of
God's program for His people in the Old Testament
-- I Corinthians 15:51.
C. Time of the rapture
Views - Those who take a premillennial
approach to Scripture believe in a rapture, but
differ over details, principally the timing.
Following are the primary views:
1. Posttribulation -
The church will be present on earth during the
tribulation period and the comings for and with
His saints occur in quick succession at the close
of that period.
a. The rapture and the second coming are
described in the Scriptures by the same
words, which indicates that they occur at the
same time -- I Thess. 4:15 and Matt. 24:27.
Oppose: The descriptions of the
rapture and the second coming are not the
same -- compare I Thess. 4:13-18
b. Since saints are mentioned as present
during the tribulation days, the church is
present on earth during that time -- Matt.
Oppose: "Saints" is a
term that can be used to describe believers
from any dispensation. It is instructive to
note that a "Christian" is never
found in the tribulation; nor is the church
mentioned in Rev. 4-18 (the passage
describing the tribulation).
c. Since a resurrection will occur at the
beginning of the millennium, it is assumed
that this is the rapture
-- Rev. 20:4.
Oppose: This passage describes the
resurrection of tribulation (and possible
d. The church can be preserved from the
wrath of the tribulation by supernatural
protection -- I Thess. 1:10.
Oppose: Or it could be preserved by
e. The Scriptures do not teach imminency;
therefore, the rapture can be after the known
events of the tribulation.
Oppose: There is confusion between
the signs that precede Christ's second coming
(Matt. 24:3-31) with the imminency of the
rapture. "Scripture teaches us to wait
and watch, not for preparatory signs of
Christ's coming, but for the blessed hope of
His return (Titus 2:13)."
f. Was the position of the early church
during the first three centuries.
Oppose: What is believed by
posttribulationists is not the same as what
the early church believed. Even so, the
Scriptures, not the early church, are our
basis for truth.
Christ's coming for His people will occur at
the middle point of the tribulation period.
(A recent variation on the Midtribulation view
is known as the "Prewrath Rapture." See the article on the Pre-wrath
Rapture following this section.)
a. The last trumpet of I Corinthians 15:52
is the same as the seventh trumpet of Rev.
11:15 and it is sounded at the middle of the
tribulation. -- This is the position's
Oppose: The trumpet of I Cor. 15:52
is the "Trumpet of God" (see I
Thess. 4:16), while the trumpets of Rev. 11
are sounded by angels. Also, according to
Matt. 24:31 there will be a trumpet call at
the end of the tribulation as well. These are
all different trumpets.
b. Actually the great tribulation is only
the last half of Daniel's 70th week and the
church is promised deliverance only from that
-- Rev. 11:2 and 12:6.
Oppose: This view assumes that the
first half of the tribulation does not
involve the wrath of God. However, see Rev.
c. The resurrection of the two witnesses
pictures the rapture of the church and their
resurrection occurs at the middle of the
tribulation -- Rev. 11:11.
Oppose: This is conjectural.
3. Partial rapture given:
Only those believers who are worthy will be
taken out of the world before the tribulation
begins, while others will be left to endure its
wrath. For those left on earth, that time will
serve as a time of purging.
Support -- Hebrews 9:28 which seems
to require preparedness as a pre-requisite
for meeting the Lord.
Oppose -- The viewpoint is based on
the idea that good works are necessary in
order to qualify to be raptured, but the
unanswered question is how many good works?
Also, it seems to ignore the fact that I
Corinthians 15:51 says plainly that "we
shall all be changed" in the rapture.
The rapture of the church will take place
before the entire seven year tribulation period
begins. Then seven years later, after the
conclusion of the tribulation, the Lord will
return to earth with His people to set up His
Support -- Revelation 3:10:
a. This church is promised to be kept from
b. "The hour of testing" -- They
will not only not be tested but they will be
kept from the hour or period of testing.
c. "The hour which is to come upon
the whole world" -- This testing is
worldwide in scope and it is pictured as
coming in the future but at any moment.
d. "To test those who dwell on the
earth" -- Whenever this term is used in
Revelation it is describing earthbound rebels
who follow the Antichrist in the period of
tribulation (Rev. 6:10; 8:13; 11:10; 13:12;
II Thessalonians 2:1-10:
a. "The coming of the Lord and our
gathering together to Him" -- Those two
events connected by "and" would
point to the fact that both happen at the
same time (2:1).
b. The removal of the restrainer (2:6,7)
1) The Antichrist cannot be revealed
until the restrainer is removed.
2) Notes about the restrainer
* The restrainer is referred to as
neuter in verse 6 and as masculine in
* This restrainer is now at work and
is a well-known restrainer.
* The restrainer is greater in power
than Satan who empowers the Antichrist.
Many believe that this restrainer is
the Holy Spirit in the agency of the
church. When the church is removed the
Antichrist will be free to come on the
scene. The Holy Spirit Himself must be
present during the tribulation period to
convict and regenerate.
I Thessalonians 5:1-11:
a. The day of the Lord is a technical
phrase which in Old and New Testament usage
refers to a day of judgment followed by a
period of great blessing.
(The tribulation and the millennial
(Amos 5:18; Isaiah 2:12; Joel 2:31;
Zephaniah 1:14- 18; Malachi 4:5; II
Thessalonians 2:2; Acts 2:20;
II Peter 3:10)
b. Notice, too, the distinction between
the events of I Thess. 4:13-18 and 5:1,2. In
4:13 they needed to be informed about the
rapture, while in 5:1,2 they were fully
informed about the day of the Lord.
c. The deliverance of the church from the
day of the Lord.
1) The day will not overtake believers
unexpectedly (5:4). The change in
pronouns - - third person to second and
first (5:4-6), back to third (5:7),
indicates distinction between those
caught in the day of wrath and those not
2) The reason for that day not
overtaking believers is not given in the
same manner as previous warnings by
signs, but as due to their position. They
are not in darkness, but are sons of
light. Those of light -- saved ones --
shall not be present at that day (5:4,5).
3) The reason that the saved shall not
be in that day of wrath is presented as
the purpose and plan of God for them
(5:9) (See also Revelation 6:16,17).
Support: The contrast between the
Second Coming and the rapture is seen in
the following charts.
V. TRIBULATION PERIOD
A. Its character
1. Terms of description
a. "The day of the Lord"
(Pentecost, Things To Come, p229-
235). -- This period includes the tribulation
(judgment) and the Messianic Kingdom
Old Testament references: Isaiah 2:12 and
Ezekiel 13:5 and 30:3; Joel 1:15 and
2:1,11,31 and 3:14; Amos 5:18,20; Obadiah 15;
Zephaniah 1:7,14 and 5:2.
New Testament references: II Thessalonians
2:2; I Thessalonians 5:2; II Peter 3:10.
b. The great day of His wrath (Rev. 6:17).
c. The time of Jacob's trouble (Jeremiah
d. The great tribulation (Rev. 7:14 and
General definition: A period of
unprecedented, unparalleled tribulation upon
the earth affecting Jew and Gentile which
finds its source in the wrath of God.
2. Time and duration
-- The tribulation is a future event --
a. It was future from Christ's day (Matt.
b. It was future from Paul's day (II
c. It was future from John's day (Rev.
d. It immediately precedes the second
coming of Christ in glory (Matt.24:15-31;
-- Duration --
a. It lasts for seven years (Daniel
9:24-27; Matt. 24:15).
b. It involves two divisions of
three-and-a-half years (forty- two months)
(twelve hundred sixty days) (Daniel 7:25 and
12:7; Revelation 11:2,3 and 12:6,14 and
3. Its purpose:
a. To prepare the nation of Israel for
Messiah's second coming.
1) Chastisement -- preparing them for
Christ -- Isaiah 24:1,3,6 and Deuteronomy
2) Conversion -- bringing them to
Christ -- Jeremiah 30:7; Daniel 12:1 and
b. To punish the nation of Israel for
rejecting the Messiah -- Ezekiel 20:37-38.
c. To pour out judgment on unbelieving men
and nations -- Revelation 3:10; Isaiah
26:20,21; Revelation 6:16,17; 11:18; 14:10;
16:1 and 19:1-2.
4. Its course -- "The tribulation
actually begins when the man of sin, the leader
of the western federation of nations, signs a
treaty with the Jewish people (Dan. 9:27). The
rapture of the church will have occurred just
before this, though there may be a short interval
of time between the rapture and the signing. . .
. At the same early part of the period the great
ecumenical apostate church will rise to power
(Rev. 17:3), exerting tremendous political
influence among the nations of the world. In
addition there will be many converted by the
witness of the group that will be sealed (Rev. 7)
for this purpose. Some will apparently be
martyred almost immediately for their faith (Rev.
6:9-11). . . . As the middle of the tribulation
approaches, certain important events will occur.
Egypt will be defeated by the armies of the man
of sin (Dan. 11:40-43). The nations of the Far
East will be forming into a coalition and will at
the end of the tribulation move into Palestine.
The power bloc to the north of Palestine known as
Gog and Magog will invade Palestine but will be
wiped out by God's supernatural intervention (Ez.
38-39). Exactly at the middle point the man of
sin will break his treaty, cease to be Israel's
protector, demand to be worshiped himself
(II Thess. 2:4), and seek to conquer the
world. In the meantime, as the latter part of the
tribulation progresses, God will be pouring out
additional judgments on the world. . . . As the
man of sin continues his march to world power, he
will face his enemies from the east at Armageddon
in northern Palestine. In the midst of the war
the Lord will return and defeat all His enemies.
The man of sin and his false prophet will be cast
into the lake of fire to be tormented
forever." --A Survey of Bible Doctrine
(pp 173,174), by Ryrie
5. Its culmination -- Revelation 19
The tribulation is brought to a completion by
the second coming of Christ -- (Matt. 24:15-31;
VI. THE MILLENNIAL KINGDOM
A. Definition: That period of one thousand years
during which our Lord Jesus Christ will rule the
earth in righteousness and will fulfill to the Jews
and the world those promises of the Old Testament
covenants (Revelation 20).
B. Prediction: Isaiah 2; 9:6,7; Zechariah 14;
Daniel 2:44; II Samuel 7 (Davidic covenant); Matthew
24,25; Revelation 20.
a. The government will be set up on earth
(Zechariah 14:9) with Jerusalem as the
capital (Isaiah 2:3).
b. The Lord will be the king of the
millennial theocracy (Daniel 7:14). He will
enforce peace righteously (Isaiah 11:3-5 and
c. The subjects of this earthly kingdom
will be the people, Jews and Gentiles, who
survive the tribulation period and enter the
millennium in earthly bodies. It would appear
that at the beginning there will not be a
single unsaved person in the kingdom (Matt.
25:1-13). However, those born during this
time will have to choose whether they will
accept Christ, although all will be required
to give outward allegiance (Isa. 11:4).
d. The church will rule with Christ and
will have resurrected bodies. The actual
residence of the church during the millennium
will be the New Jerusalem (Revelation
a. Righteousness will flourish (Isaiah
b. Peace will be universal (Isaiah 2:4).
c. The Holy Spirit will be manifest in
unusual ways (Isaiah 61:3 and Joel 2:28,29).
d. Satan will be bound (Revelation
a. Productivity will increase (Isaiah
35:1,2 and Amos 9:13).
b. The curse on the earth will be reversed
(Genesis 3:17 and (Isa. 11:6-8), although not
entirely lifted until the end of the
c. Longevity (Isaiah 65:20).
1. The end of the millennium will see the last
and final revolt of man and Satan against God and
His rule. For a thousand years God will have
given all mankind the most ideal conditions under
which to live and will have spread the knowledge
of the Lord throughout the world.
2. The fact that man will openly oppose God
after such benefits will serve to prove that
change in outward conditions does not meet man's
basic need. Inside he still will be a rebel
unless he has had a change of heart through
3. The opportunity to revolt against Christ
will come when Satan will be loosed (Revelation
20:7-9). Reformation is not the same as
regeneration and betterment is not conversion;
this last revolt will prove once again that it is
the heart of man that needs a work of
supernatural grace. --Ryrie
VII. THE ETERNAL STATE
A. Final accomplishments -- Revelation 20 -- the
state following the millennium, the final phase of
history of the present heavens and earth.
1. Final victories (preparing for eternal
a. Over Satan -- Revelation 20:7-10.
b. Over world powers -- Revelation
c. Over death -- Revelation 20:13 and I
2. Final judgment of men -- Great White
a. Resurrection of the wicked --
b. Judgment of all works -- Revelation
c. Casting into the lake of fire --
Revelation 20:14,15 and Matthew 25:41.
3. Final judgment of the world -- II Peter
B. Final submission to the Father -- I Corinthians
C. Final manifestation -- Revelation 21 and 22:
1. In the new heavens and the new earth -- II
Peter 3:13; Isaiah 51:6 and 66:22; Revelation
2. In New Jerusalem -- Revelation 21;2,3 and
3. In new mercies:
a. Provisions (Rev. 22:1,2)
b. Removal of curse (Rev. 22:3)
c. Presence of God (Rev. 22:3-5)
d. Service (Rev. 22:3)
e. Life and health (Rev. 21:4 and 22:1-5)
A. Judgment seat of Christ (I Corinthians 3:10-15)
1. The purpose is not to determine whether
they are saved or lost, it rather determines the
reward or loss of reward for service which will
be due each individual believer (Rev. 11:18).
2. The judgment seat of Christ is mentioned in
II Corinthians 5:10 and Romans 14:10. In Romans,
however, it is called the judgment seat of God.
The event is explained in more detail in I
3. The meaning of judgment seat
a. There are two different words
translated "judgment seat" in the
1) "Citerion" used in James
2:6 and I Corinthians 6:2,4. It means the
place where judgment is given; the bench
2) "Bema" -- "In
Grecian games in Athens, the old arena
contained a raised platform on which the
president or umpire of the arena sat.
From here he rewarded all the
contestants; and here he rewarded all
winners. It was called the
"bema" or reward seat. It was
never used of a "judicial
b. So associated with this word are the
ideas of prominence, dignity, authority,
honor and reward, rather than the idea of
justice and judgment.
4. The time of the judgment seat of Christ --
between the rapture and the second coming of
a. In Luke 14:14 reward is associated with
the resurrection of the righteous, since the
resurrection of the church age will take
place at the rapture (I Thessalonians
4:13-17) reward must be a part of that
b. When the Lord returns to earth with His
bride (the church), to reign, the bride is
seen to be already rewarded (Revelation
c. Notice I Corinthians 4:5; II Timothy
4:8 and Revelation 22:12. When Christ comes
for His own (at the rapture) He will bring
with Him their reward.
5. The place of the bema of Christ -- in the
Heavenlies -- I Thessalonians 4:17 and II
6. The Judge will be Christ -- II Corinthians
7. The subjects will be the believers only --
II Corinthians 5:1-9.
8. The basis of the examination:
a. The Christian is not being judged for
sin. The salvation given the believer has
perfectly delivered him from all judgment --
Romans 8:1; John 5:24 and I John 4:17.
b. "The word translated 'appear' in
II Cor. 5:10 might better be rendered 'to be
made manifest' so that the verse reads, 'For
it is necessary for all of us to be made
manifest.' This suggests that the purpose of
the bema is to make a public manifestation,
demonstration or revelation of the essential
character and motives of the
c. II Corinthians 5:10 says that we will
be rewarded according to whether our deeds
have been "good" or
"bad." The word "bad" is
"phaulos." The usual words for
"bad" in the New Testament are
"kakos" or "poneral"
which mean evil and therefore something
sinful. However, the word "phaulos"
used in II Corinthians 5:10 is not talking
about evil but about something that is
worthless. So, we are not judged here
concerning good and evil, rather, concerning
our worthfulness for the Lord. The purpose of
this judgment is to reward Christians for
things that they have done of worth for the
Lord -- I Corinthians 3:10-15.
9. Results -- I Corinthians 3:10-15
a. Rewards based on human strength or
man's glory will
b. Rewards won -- There are five crowns
in Scripture. These crowns are
representative, but surely not exhaustive, of
the believers rewards.
1) Incorruptible crown -- for those
who get mastery over the flesh -- I
2) Crown of rejoicing for introducing
people to Christ --
I Thessalonians 2:19, and Joy --
3) Crown of life for those enduring
trials -- James 1:12.
4) Crown of righteousness for loving
His appearing --
II Timothy 4:8.
5) Crown of glory for being willing to
feed the flock
of God -- I Peter 5:4.
c. Revelation 4:10 makes it clear that the
crowns will not be for the eternal glory of
the recipient, but for the glory of the
giver. -- Note I Corinthians 6:20 where we
are told that the believer was redeemed in
order that he might bring glory to God.
B. Judgment of the Gentiles
1. Circumstances: This is the judgment of
living Gentiles at the second coming of Christ --
Matthew 25:31-46. It will take place on the earth
in the valley of Jehoshaphat -- Joel 3:2.
2. Basis: The treatment of Jews during the
tribulation period -- Matthew 25:40. To do good
to the Jews during this time will involve a real
risk of one's own life, so doing these things
will be evidence of new life in the doer's heart.
. . . being regenerate saves them; doing these
good works proves that they are regenerated.
3. Result: "Those whose lives have given
evidence of the new birth will become citizens of
the kingdom -- Matthew 25:34. Those whose works
proved their lack of eternal life will be
condemned to the lake of fire (verse 41). Those
who do enter the kingdom will enter with their
earthly bodies; they will marry, bear children
and become the means of populating the millennial
C. Judgment of Jews
1. Circumstances: Those Jews who live through
the tribulation period will also be judged --
Ezekiel 20:34-38. The Lord also spoke of this
judgment in a parable -- Matthew 25:14-30 -- and
placed it immediately after His return.
2. Result: The unsaved Jews will be cut off
from both millennial and eternal life, for no
rebel will enter the millennium -- Ezekiel 20:37
and Matthew 25:30.
D. Judgment of Fallen Angels
The fallen angels will be judged at "the
great day" -- Jude 6 -- this is probably
when Satan is judged at the end of the millennium
-- Revelation 20:2-10. Believers will apparently
have a part in executing this judgment -- I
E. The Great White Throne Judgment -- Revelation
1. Circumstances: At the conclusion of the
millennial reign the unsaved dead of all time
will be judged. All the redeemed will have been
raised and judged previously, so only the unsaved
will be left -- Revelation 20:6. Christ will be
the Judge -- John 5:22 -- and the judgment will
take place in space (Rev. 20:11).
a. The Book of Life
b. Works. . . There will be degrees of
punishment in eternity -- Luke 12:47,48.
3. Result: Second death -- Eternal separation
from God in the lake of fire.
A. Resurrection of the just
There will be several stages, it will not
happen all at once:
1. Rapture -- dead Christians -- I
2. Redeemed of the tribulation period --
Revelation 20:4 -- at the second coming.
3. Old Testament saints -- probably with
tribulation saints, but not clear -- Daniel 12:2.
4. Millennial saints -- not mentioned in
Scripture, probably will be immediately
transferred to the New Jerusalem.
B. Resurrection of the unjust
All will be raised at the end of the
millennium -- Revelation 20:11-15. "At their
resurrection they will apparently be given some
sort of bodies that will be able to live forever
and feel the effects of the torments of the lake